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JAIN MINORITY CERTIFICATE
Lots of new threads are started seeking guidance about Jain Minority Certificate. The Government of India Notification dated 23-10-1993 declared Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Zoroastrians (Paris) as Minority communities under the National Commission for Minorities Act 1992. In 2004, the Cabinet Committee stated that the minority status is to be determined by the respective States Thereby, the States have been provided the prerogative to grant the minority status to a community. Jain minority is the latest addition to this minority group. The following States recognize Jain as a Minority Community:
1. Andhra Pradesh
6. Madhya Pradesh
9. Uttar Pradesh
11. West Bengal
There is no minority community certificate. There is no such certificate like Jain Minority Certificate also. The school leaving certificate shall indicate the Religion – Jain. The community certificate can also be obtained from the Tahsildar as in the case of other communities. These are the conclusive proof of a person belonging to Jain Community.
To avail minority benefits for educational and scholarship purpose, one must have community certificate i.e SSC, School Leaving Certificate, Community Certificate issued by revenue authorities along with income certificate. The School leaving certificate is an accepted document as proof of age, religion, etc. Ensure that the school records have the religion noted as Jain. In case the child has already passed out from school, make an affidavit executed before Metropolitan Magistrate or Notary on the stamp paper of Rs.20/- (The Affidavit should incorporate all the details of the proofs submitted) stating the religion as Jain. Publish a declaration in the Gazette.
The minority status accorded to Jain community by Union government is expected to benefit a number of students who come from economically weaker sections, especially in rural areas in States. One of the biggest benefits from minority status will be in education sector, both for students as well institutions run by Jains. Students from Jain community will now have access to a number of Central scholarships.
Most of the benefits flowing out of Minority status is based on income level. Jain students whose family’s annual income is less than Rs. 2.5 lakh are eligible for scholarship given by State governments, which recognizes Jain as minority community. This limit may vary from state to state. But with national minority status accorded by Union government, this limit goes up to Rs. 4.5 lakh, under Centrally-sponsored scholarships.
The National Minorities Development Finance Corporation (NMDFC):
The NMDFC was set up by Government of India to provide a “special focus to economic development of minorities ”. The people belonging to five communities i.e. Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists & Parsis notified as minorities under the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992 are the beneficiaries. Jains are notified as minority by some states mentioned above and hence are eligible for financial schemes announced by those states.
Students from Jain community stand a good chance of getting admission to a course of their choice if the course is offered by a college run by a Jain minority trust. This is because 50% of the seats in a minority institution are reserved for students from the same minority community.
Reimbursement of fees:
The State commissions for Minorities, from time to time, announce training programmes aimed at creating employable skills. All Jain students are advised to lookup websites of their respective state commission for minorities for announcements. The fees for some of these programmes are reimbursed.
Scholarships for Students:
The beneficiaries of Pre and Post-Matriculation Scholarships announced by central government are the five minority communities notified by National Commission for Minorities. Education being a state subject, each state has its own scholarship schemes. The website of relevant State Commissions for Minorities will provide detailed information.
Benefits to Institutes
There are, broadly, three benefits available to a minority institution that are not available to other institutions:
Minority educational institutions do not have to maintain reservation in employment or admissions for SCs, STs and OBCs as required to be done by other educational institutions.
In terms of control over employees, minority educational institutions have much greater powers than other institutions. For instance, in selection of teachers and principals, minority educational institution can have a selection committee which does not include university representative. Similarly, while in ordinary schools, headmasters normally have to be appointed on the basis of seniority, but minority managements can select a headmaster of their choice.
In matters of admission of students, minority educational institutions can have reservation of up to 50 per cent for students of their community.
A minority institution may be self-financed or government aided.
Ref: Jain minority certificate